Prophetic significance on the applicability of the 7 Feasts Of The Lord, in relation
to both Jesus’ 1st and 2nd coming, and the hermeneutical foundations regarding the prophetic nature
of the feasts:
From the promise of Abraham to Isaac on Mount Moriah, in Gen. 22:8, that God Himself would provide a lamb
(Jesus at Passover / Redemption).
To Jesus’ Resurrection on the Feast of First Fruits, then
the Holy Spirit sent on Feast of Weeks.
To Jesus second coming, Judgment & Kingdom
as prophesied in feasts of Trumpets & Atonement, to Rev. 22 where we dwell (Tabernacle) at the throne of God
with the Lamb of God, in a temple made without hands, eternal in the heavens. And particularly the intricate relationship of the pursuit of HOLINESS, to the 4th commandment,
the Sabbath, Jubilee, Millennial Kingdom & ultimately to the Feast of Tabernacles.
sacrificial Lamb at the Feast of Passover a.k.a. Crucifixion prophetically foreshadowed Jesus’ sacrificial
death for the forgiveness of our sins.
Therefore without Passover and the other feasts, there would have been
no biblical basis, for theological development regarding forgiveness of sins and God's redemptive plan.
Likewise the next 3 feasts, were also satisfied by Jesus 1st coming: The Feast of Unleavened Bread,
symbolic of Jesus’ sinless nature, or the Feast of First Fruits a.k.a. Easter where He is the "first
fruits" of God’s grace; by making available to us the gift of salvation, through belief in His resurrection and
deity, Or at the Feast of Weeks; a.k.a. Pentecost with the gift / empowerment of the Holy Spirit to be witnesses;
to this gift of salvation through Jesus sacrificial death. Feast of Weeks is also called
the "second harvest - of first fruits" for those who believe.<!--[if !supportEmptyParas]--><!--[endif]-->
Consequently, these 7 feasts are the foundation upon
which ALL of Scripture is built upon. Effectively without the concept of redemption represented by the feasts, there would
have been no theological foundational development for the entire Bible.
It is extremely profound to realize that
there would have been NO redemptive plan for mankind - if God had not instituted the 7 Feasts of the Lord, according
to Leviticus 23.
These 7 feasts outline God's redemptive plan for both
Jesus' 1st and 2nd coming.
In like manner, the
last 3 feasts of Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles are part of God's total redemptive plan, yet to
be completed, of restoring mankind to Himself. Eschatology is the theological term used for the study of
prophecy related to these last 3 feasts.
Some may believe that hermeneutical handcuffs are developed, when typology is applied to the feasts, such as Jesus
being our “Passover Lamb”, or when the feasts related to Jesus’ first and second coming, are seen as prophecy
fulfilled or prophecy yet to be fulfilled.
One reader even stated: “you can get in some hermeneutical handcuffs when you start down the
road of typology and mystically arriving at a date of the return of Christ”.
Question: When the Maji interpreted scripture foretelling the coming of the Messiah and followed a star,
were they being "Date Setters and Mystical"? Yet No effort
to develop a specific date of Jesus return has been presented on this web site, only a season as appointed by Scripture.
See Col. 2:16-17 & Mth. 16:3
In Colossians 2:16-17 we are
reminded that the feasts and sabbaths, are a shadow of things to come. And Jesus in Matthew
16:3 rebukes the Pharisees as hypocrites for not discerning “signs of the times”, as prophesied in Scripture regarding
Question: Is it not true, that Jesus in His 1st coming typologically fulfilled
the prophecies related to the 1st 4 feasts – which were ordained by God Himself?
Are the following typologies noted in scripture hermeneutical handcuffs or fulfilled prophecy
as stated by scripture?
Unleavened Bread - Sinless; Jesus Sinless Nature
Heb. 4:15, 9:15
Passover - Crucifixion;
Passover Lamb of God I Cor. 5:7, Jn. 1:29, 36
Feast of First Fruits - Resurrection; Christ our 1st Fruits
I Cor. 15, 20, 23
Feast of Weeks -
Note: The law was given to Moses on the 3rd month;
This was also the month that Pentecost occurred.
By the law is death –
3,000 died when
law given to Moses; Ex. 19, 20 & 32
By the spirit is life –
3,000 given life by Holy Spirit; Acts
2:1-4, 41 and II Cor.
Were these “Feasts of the Lord” only meant to be sacrificial offerings of bulls & goats, or were
they a foreshadow / typology of God’s redemptive plan?
regarding a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths, which are a shadow of things to come …”
Hypocrites! You know how to discern the face of the sky,
but you cannot discern the signs of the times.” Mth. 16:3
See Biblical Feasts Outline of events file and
Jesus In The Feasts file.
Is it hermeneutical handcuffs, or excessive typology,
to believe that Jesus in His 2nd coming will not also consequently fulfill the typologies of the next 3 feasts
- ordained by God Himself, for all generations, as holy appointed times with Him?
Feasts aka Solemn Appointed Times with the Lord Lev. 23:1-4.
The Hebrew word translated "Feasts" means Appointed Times.
According to De.16:16, God commands us to keep His Feasts, in light of the New Testament, and appear before the Lord with
thanksgiving “forever” Ex. 12:14.
the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, concerning the Feasts of the
LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are My Feasts. Six
days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein:
it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings. These are the Feasts of the Lord, even holy convocations,
which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.” Lev. 23:1-4
As noted, Feasts and Sabbaths are called "Holy Convocations" in Scripture.
That is to say, they are intended to be times of meeting between God and man for "Holy Purposes".
These “Feasts / Holy Convocations", are also a combination of celebratory commemorations of God’s
providence fulfilled in the past, and the continued fulfillment of His remaining covenant promises for the future.
To fully understand the Feasts, one must first understand the full meaning and implications of the Sabbath as a time of oneness with God;
a foreshadowing of that which is to come.
the Sabbath (1day in 7; 24 hours – sundown to sundown). The Sabbath is a foreshadowing of
the fulfillment of God’s redemptive plan exemplified in His 7 Feasts. It is a time completely
devoted to being with God.
See Sabbaths link.
"IF you keep your feet from breaking the Sabbath and from doing as you please on My holy day, if you call the Sabbath a delight and the Lord's
holy day honorable, and if you honor it by
not going your own way and not doing as you please or speaking idle words, then you will find your joy in the Lord, and I will cause
you to ride on the heights of the land and to feast on the inheritance of your father Jacob." The mouth of the Lord has
spoken. Isaiah 58:13-14
God commands that we keep every sabbath & feast day
holy (in light of the New Testament). These are "Holy Convocations";
that is, they are intended to be times of meeting between God and man for "Holy Purposes" in preparation
for an eternity dwelling with Him! Rev. 21:1-3
Feast days, Sabbaths, Sabbatical years
and the Year of Jubilee are compounding foreshadows of a potential closer communion with God. In other
words, each event provides for us direction, guidance and an opportunity toward a progressively closer, more intimate, relationship
The Feasts and Sabbaths are profound foreshadowings of the fulfillment of God’s total redemptive plan exemplified
in His 7 Feasts listed in Leviticus 23, especially the Feast of Tabernacles.
Rather than excessive typology, the Feasts of the Lord are a continuation
of God’s redemptive plan, through His “appointed times” yet to be completed. These
last 3 Feasts of the Lord complete the outline of God’s redemptive plan:
1st “appointed time” with God;
the Feast of Passover:
God’s redemptive plan was first hinted at by God Himself in Gen.1:1 “In
the beginning God created …”. The Hebrew word used
for “God” is “Elohim”; meaning “a singular God with
a plurality of majesty”. In other words, Elohim expresses the “Trinity manifestation
of God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit”; a direct foreshadowing of the first 4 Feasts completed by Jesus’
1st coming. See
Passover was also hinted at by Abraham in Gen. 22:8: “God Himself will provide
a Lamb” i.e. the Feast of Passover; later implemented by Moses and ultimately fulfilled by
Jesus’ sacrifice as the “Lamb of God, Who takes away the sins of the world”.
See "Passover" file
The Gospel of John also expressed Jesus as part of the Trinity: “In the beginning was the Word, and the
Word was with God (Elohim), and the Word was God (Elohim)”.
The 2nd “appointed time” with God;
the Feast of Unleavened Bread:
The Feast of Unleavened Bread, held for a total of 8 days, included the times appointed for the Feast of Passover / Crucifixion and Feast of First Fruits / Easter. This feast represents the sinless nature of Jesus (Heb. 4:15, 9:15) and provides an example of what God desires
from us in order to fulfill His redemptive plan.
See “Unleavened Bread” link.
The 3rd “appointed time” with God; the Feast
of First Fruits aka Easter:
Then on the Feast of First Fruits aka Easter,
Jesus appeared to His disciples and “breathed upon them” and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit”, John 20:22.
This was in fulfillment of His promise in John 14:15-18 to send the apostles “a Comforter”
– the Spirit of truth – Who would abide with them forever, “Whom the world cannot receive, because it neither
sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you” John 14:17.
Note that Jesus said the Holy Spirit was dwelling ‘with’ His men, or ‘alongside’ of them. The Greek preposition here is para. Yet soon the Spirit would be more
than ‘with’ the disciples; soon He would dwell ‘in’ them. Here the preposition is en. The disciples went from para
to en in John 20:22, when Jesus appeared on Easter evening, breathed on them
and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit”. Here the apostles were ‘born again’
of the Spirit to a knowledge of Jesus’ deity.
See “Gifts of the Spirit” link.
The 4th “appointed
time” with God; the Feast of Weeks aka Pentecost:
Yet 40 days later, at the “Day
of Ascension” Jesus promised His disciples the Baptism of the Holy Spirit Acts 1:3-5,8:
“wait for the promise of the Father … and you shall be baptized
with the Holy Spirit not many days hence
… and you shall receive power AFTER the Holy Spirit has come
UPON (epi) you
promise was fulfilled on the 50th day, on Pentecost, aka Feast
of Weeks as noted in Acts 2:1-4 “… and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost,
and began to speak in tongues”.
Question: Why would Jesus “breathe upon them the Holy Spirit” at the first day of His
Resurrection only to reappear to them on the 40th day to say to them: “Wait for
the promise of the Father … you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days hence … and you shall
receive power after the Holy Spirit has come upon (epi) you … and
be witnesses …”? Didn’t Jesus already “breathe upon them the Holy Spirit”
Why would He be instructing them to wait again to receive the Holy Spirit? The answer lies in
understanding the difference between “en” and “epi” Greek prepositions in the text.
In other words, the disciples’ received a “born again” experience upon having received the indwelling presence “en” of
the Holy Spirit on Easter Sunday evening (Feast of First Fruits), and received the baptism in the Holy Spirit; “epi” on Pentecost (Feast of Weeks) as promised by Jesus in John
See "Filled vs Baptized of the Holy Spirit"
“Gifts of the Spirit”
“Feast of Tabernacles”
The 5th “appointed time” with
God, the Feast of Trumpets, initiates the 10-day period of time for repentance
between the Feast of Trumpets (a call to a solemn assembly) and the Feast of Atonement / Judgment. This period includes
the “Tribulation” / “End of the Age” period.
See “Feast of Trumpets to Atonement to Jubilee” link.
The 6th “appointed
time” with God, the Feast of Atonement / Judgment, then
culminates immediately on the next day with the Year of Jubilee, aka “Millennial Kingdom”;
at which time everything is required to be returned to it’s original owner, i.e. God.
See “End Of The Age and Signs Of Jesus Coming” link.
“appointed time” with God, the Feast of Tabernacles
finally culminates God’s complete redemptive plan since the garden of Eden, to a time of total restoration with Him,
where we will finally dwell / tabernacle with God forever; see Rev. 21:1-3.
Biblical Feasts Outline and “Feast of Tabernacles”.
The First 4 Feasts are also in themselves a Foreshadowing of the Last 3 Feasts:
/ Crucifixion God provides deliverance from our sins. Likewise at the Feast of Trumpets
having known the availability of redemption through Jesus’ sacrifice, we are called to repent of our sins, before judgment
at the Feast of Atonement. Both instances prepare us for a progressively closer relationship
At Easter / Feast of First Fruits we were “Born Again of the Spirit”.
At Pentecost / Feast of Weeks, we were “Baptized by the Holy Spirit”. At
Jubilee (the day after Feast of Atonement / Judgment) all things are set free to be returned to it’s
“original owner”, i.e. God. We then reign with Jesus for a 1,000 years. The
climax of these “appointed times” culminates after the “Great White Throne Judgment” in Rev.21:1-3,
where we “Tabernacle / dwell” with God forever, i.e. the Feast of
See Biblical Feasts outline of events file.
As these first 4 “Feasts
of the Lord”: Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits and Feast of Weeks foreshadowed the actual
events of Jesus’ first coming (parousia), so also do the next 3 feasts of Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles foreshadow the prophecies
regarding the end of the age at His 2nd coming (parousia).
See “End Of The Age and Signs Of Jesus Coming” link.
When Jesus came the first time, were those who read
Scripture and saw the “signs” of His coming season - mystical?
To be “mystical” infers that no sound scriptural hermeneutics were applied. Yet substantial
clear and literal proof has been provided here. This lends all the more reason to be a good “Berean”
until all proof of Scripture has been revealed.
Are God’s “set appointed times” of NO meaning, and otherwise to be considered only mystical,
or worse yet obsolete? If so, then all typological Scriptural references of the first 4 feasts, as noted
above, must also be removed from the New Testament.
Are mystical or hermeneutical handcuffs applied today by recognizing and identifiying the “signs” in Scripture
that clearly point toward a season, not a date, of Christ’s
return? Did not Jesus rebuke the Pharisees for not recognizing the scriptural fulfillment
of His 1st coming? Are we to be no less vigilant and prepared today?
See Col. 2:16-17 & Mth. 16:3
WEB SITE HERMENEUTICS file link
Yet others may consider prophecy on the “End
Of The Age” as just “Dooms-Day” talk, or irrelevant; since all Christians will be “raptured”
before any of the “Tribulation Period” begins. Yet Christians
are clearly martyred starting at the “Abomination of Desolation” as
noted by both Jesus in Mth. 24:9-21, and by John in Rev. 6:9-11 upon opening the 5th seal.
This will continue to occur until the end of the “Great Tribulation” over 3.5 years into the 7-year tribulational
Christians are therefore ALSO subject to false beliefs, wars, famine and pestilence as noted by Jesus in Mth. 24:5-8
and reiterated by John in the first 4 seals referenced in Rev. 6.
tempted (“Peirasmos”) to deny Christ as Lord &
God of their life, rather than persevere to follow the Lord, during trials unleashed
upon them during the first 4 seals. See
“End Of The Age and Signs Of Jesus Coming”
“Last Days Data & Calendar”
Consequently, the need arises
to prepare the church for a time of tribulation / temptation / testing. Reference
Rev.3:10 " Because you have
kept My command to persevere, I will keep you from the hour of temptation”.
I.e. temptation / tribulation / testing (“Peirasmos”) to deny Christ as Lord & God of your life. See Mth. 24: 5-22
and Rev. 6 & 7 seals 1 thru 6 and full discussion on “Peirosmos” in “End of the Age” Eschatology link.
"Tribulation to Rapture to Wrath" file link
To prepare the church for this time of temptation
to deny Christ, a Nehemiah-type wall of spiritual protection needs to be built:
between Nehemiah chapters 2 & 8 in relation to both the 1st and 2nd 'coming'
of the Lord:
As Ezra had built a physical temple for the Spirit of God to dwell, likewise the church today having been built on the foundation
of the apostles and the cornerstone of Christ have received the indwelling Spirit of God.
And just as Nehemiah said to the people in Neh. 2:17-18,4:6:
“You see the distress that we are in … come and let us build up the wall of Jerusalem, that we may
be no more a reproach…and they said, ‘Let us rise up and build’. So they strengthened
their hands for this good work … So built we the wall … for the people had a mind
to work”; Let us also build that spiritual wall of protection in preparation of a spiritual attack
in the latter days.
Note prophecy fulfilled at Jesus 1st
coming is also a foreshadowing event to His 2nd coming:
In Neh. 2:1,8 when King Artexerxes decreed in the month of Nissan 443 BC, the order to Nehemiah
to restore and rebuild Jerusalem; was the fulfillment of Dan. 9:25 prophecy: “…from the going forth of the commandment to
restore and to build Jerusalem unto the
Messiah the Prince shall be 69 periods of seven: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
69 7-year periods, or 483 prophetic years (at
360 days/yr) from 445 BC was 31 AD (476 Gregorian calendar years at 365.25 days/yr.) when the Jesus the Messiah came
and stayed with us through deliverance from our sins, and the indwelling gift of His Spirit.
This “sign” of Jesus’ 1st
“coming”, was ultimately fulfilled during the foreshadowing events of the first 4 feasts.
See “Daniel 9:24-27” and "Parousia".
So too, Nehemiah in chapter 8 also foreshadows latter day events to occur during the latter days; symbolized by the
building of a physical wall around Jerusalem to protect the temple of God:
This foreshadowing of the latter days, between
the Feasts of Trumpets and Atonement, continues in Nehemiah Chapter 9 exhorting repentance:
“Now on the twenty-fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, in sackcloth,
and with dust on their heads. Then those of Israelite lineage
separated themselves from all foreigners; and they stood and confessed their
sins and the iniquities of their fathers. And they stood up in their place and read from the Book
of the Law of the LORD their God for one-fourth of the day; and for another
fourth they confessed and worshiped the LORD their God. … and cried out with a loud voice
to the LORD their God … "Stand up and bless
the LORD your God Forever and ever!”
foreshadowing of the latter days directs us; both how and when to build up a spiritual wall of protection. Likewise,
in preparation for Jesus 2nd coming, this wall of spiritual protection around the church today needs to be built
in like manner as follows:
This spiritual wall of protection is to be
First: Through preparation for the “hour of temptation”, recognizing God’s
prophetic word being revealed thru His feasts and related prophecy.
“Eschatology Introduction”, "Parousia",
“End Of The Age and Signs Of Jesus Coming” and related link.
See “Feast of Trumpets to Atonement to Jubilee” link.
Thirdly: Instruction of the law and the need
See “Pursuit of Holiness” and related links.
Cause the people to know the
"signs" of His "coming" (parousia):
WEB SITE HERMENEUTICS file link
Dan. 9:24 “Seventy weeks (70
periods of 7 periods) are determined upon thy people and upon
thy holy city (Jerusalem) to finish the
transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness,
and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”
“Know therefore and understand, that from
the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince
shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks (69-7’s): the street shall be built again, and the
wall, even in troublsome times” Dan. 9:25. This prophecy was fulfilled at Jesus 1st
coming (parousia) as noted in Neh. 2:1,8
See “Daniel 9:24-27 Prophecies” link
Likewise at Jesus 2nd
coming Dan. 9:27 states: And He (God) shall confirm the (His) covenant (of 70 periods of 7 - upon the people & the city - Jerusalem)
with many for one week (1 period of 7). Therefore the last 70th 7-year
period is also subject to the prophecy concerning the ability to “restore
and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince”; for “Seventy
weeks (70 - 7 periods) are determined upon thy people and upon the city”.
9:24 states 70 7s are determined until the completion of all prophecy; Jesus 2nd coming is also
prophesied in the last 70th 7 (“Last Days”) of Dan. 9: 24-27.
Thus this 70th 7-year period is also subject to the ability to “rebuild
and restore Jerusalem”.
This finally occurred in 1967, and therefore the counting “until the coming of the Messiah the Prince”
applies here. Just as when King Artaxerxes in Nehemiah 2:1 ordered
the wall around Jerusalem to be rebuilt, this signaled Jesus’ 1st coming (parousia)!
Therefore, “Last Days” “season” of His coming is based (partially) upon Israel’s
ability to rebuild Jerusalem since it’s recapture in 1967 per Dan. 9:25.
See “Last Days Data & Calendar”
Secondly: Prophecy regarding Jesus’ return
was also fulfilled in 1948 when Israel became a one nation again, no longer divided.
Ezek. 37: 21-22:
“… Thus says the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither
they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land: And I will make them one nation
in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations,
neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms …”.
Luke 21:24 “And
they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden
down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.”
See: “Dan. 9:24-27 Jesus 1st & 2nd
U M M A R Y
This time, the seasonal “sign”, “unto the coming of the Messiah the Prince” starts
with both 1948 and 1967: In 1948 when prophecy was fulfilled with Israel having been both reborn
as “one nation in the latter days”, and in 1967 when Israel regained the ability to “restore and
This also correlates with 70 years from the time Israel became a nation in 1948, and with 50 years to the Year of Jubilee
Plus a corresponding fulfillment
of a 40 year generation with a 10-year period of repentance prior to Judgment; aka Feast of Atonement; followed
by the immediate initiation of the Year of Jubilee, aka Millennial Kingdom; at which time all things are
returned to it’s original owner (God).
All of Scripture proclaims God’s total Redemptive Plan
As outlined by the
“Feasts Of The LORD”.
Feasts Of The LORD
Are God’s Calendar of
For more complete information see:
“Last Days Data & Calendar”
“End Of The Age and Signs Of Jesus Coming”
PROPHETIC NUMEROLOGICAL SEQUENCES Link
Note the numerical sequencing relationship in God’s ordained plan:
7 day week ending on a Sabbath
7 months of 7 feasts ending
on the ultimate Sabbath, the Feast of Tabernacles
culminating in a Sabbatical year
7 Sabbatical years of 7 years
culminating on the 50th year at the
Year of Jubilee
7 weeks of 7 days + 1 day (50 days) to the Feast of Weeks / Shavuot / Pentecost
70 periods of 7 (Dan. 9:24-27);
First and Second coming
of Christ / Messiah prophecies
70th period of 7
years prophecy of the “End of the Age” (Dan. 9:24-27)
70 years symbol of Completion
Note the correlation / foreshadowing
of 7 weeks of 7 days, plus 1 day, between the Feast of Passover aka Crucifixion
and the Feast of Weeks aka Pentecost.
This is also true with the
Year of Jubilee; 7 sabbatical years of 7-years plus 1 year; Jubilee is consummated immediately upon completing the Feast
of Atonement / Judgment.
The Feast of Tabernacles becomes the ultimate completeness of meeting with God; to ‘tabernacle’
/ dwell with God for eternity; foreshadowed by Jubilee / Millennial in the Year of Jubilee.